Colombia’s Multidimensional Poverty Index: from a multidimensional concept to a multisectoral public policy
Historically, poverty levels have been defined by income-based measures and indexes throughout most of the world. Recently, some countries in the region have sought to innovate through measurements of poverty that go beyond income, as to analyze other types of deprivations and to design more comprehensive public policies and programs to combat poverty. The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), as this type of measurement is known, is a practice of regional interest that was the center of the workshop coordinated by the OAS-SEDI Inter-American Social Protection Network (IASPN), September 17 to 19 in Colombia.
The Multidimansional Poverty Index (MPI) developed by the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Iniciative and published by the United Nations' Development Program (UNDP) in the Human Development Report (HDR) is an innovative method for the international comparison of more than 100 countries. The need to develop measurements of poverty that are relevant at a national level boosted the interest countries have in implementing their own IPM adapted to each one's priorities, level of development and/or policies.