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The first provision on export subsidies appeared in the first paragraph of Article XVI of The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade of 1947 (GATT). The paragraph mainly established an obligation to notify the contracting parties, which provided the…

The episodes of higher and volatile food prices during 2007-2008 and 2011-2012 have raised concerns about the role of agricultural export restrictions in further raising international prices and its impact on the food- insecure population in net…

Export taxes have been used in many countries. They have multiple effects at the macroeconomic and sectoral levels, including on the terms of trade (resulting from the market power of key suppliers), the reduction and stabilization of consumer prices…

International agricultural trade must positively redistribute food production, increasing both: quantity and quality in all regions, and consequently ensuring food security level on a global scale. On the other hand, the world has entered a new era of…

There is growing consensus that globalization, expansion of international trade, and rapid technological changes have favored developing countries more than developed ones. One clear example of this trend is the rapid Gross Domestic Product (GDP)…

The use of public food stocks for food security purposes is a hotly debated topic in agricultural negotiations within the World Trade Organization (WTO) (see Díaz-Bonilla, 2014, 2017a and 2017b). That debate needs to consider both the legal standing…

With the stagnation of the Doha Round, the WTO has started a process known as “early harvest”. The first results were achieved four years ago in Bali17, the process continued in Nairobi and is expected to have some outcomes in Buenos Aires, during the…

The Eleventh Ministerial Conference (MC11) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) will take place from 10 to 13 December 2017 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The Ministerial Conference which is attended by trade ministers and other senior officials from…

This article explores various recent ideas that governments have put forward on the issue of agricultural domestic support, with a view to helping negotiators and other actors better understand how these might affect actual levels of support as well…

In recent years, the international trade context has seen, as a consequence of political changes, social unrest and violence, increased uncertainty and instability. Two main trends, one economic and one political, have affected the economic and…

Policy makers, analysts, and civil society face increasing challenges to reducing hunger and improving food security in a sustainable way. Modeling alternative future scenarios and assessing their outcomes can help inform their choices. The…

Policy makers, analysts, and civil society face increasing challenges to reducing hunger and improving food security in a sustainable way. Modeling alternative future scenarios and assessing their outcomes can help inform their choices. The…

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger globally, regionally, and by country. Each year, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) calculates GHI scores in order to assess progress,…

Policy makers, analysts, and civil society face increasing challenges to reducing hunger and improving food security in a sustainable way. Modeling alternative future scenarios and assessing their outcomes can help inform their choices. The…

Policy makers, analysts, and civil society face increasing challenges to reducing hunger and improving food security in a sustainable way. Modeling alternative future scenarios and assessing their outcomes can help inform their choices. The…

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