Rigorous evaluations that produce ‘hard’ evidence have been important for the spread of social protection programs. They have played a role in the shift towards evidence-based development policy in developing countries. Government agencies responsible for antipoverty efforts have a duty to ensure programs are effective, based on existing knowledge, and have established processes to learn lessons from their implementation. Impact evaluation studies also play a political role. Well-designed studies can provide crucial arguments to those advocating anti-poverty transfer programmes, and help to overcome the objections of those opposing them.
These are the 5 basic stages to monitor and evaluate social protection programs: