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Ecuador introduces its Multidimensional Poverty Index

File Created On:
February, 2016

Ecuador introduced its Multidimensional Poverty Index, a work on measurement coordinated by the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC), which will provide an in depth understanding of poverty in Ecuador based on which public policies that help to eradicate the phenomenon may be outlined.

What is meant by Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)?

Poverty is a multidimensional and multifaceted phenomenon, which cannot be described in a single or one-dimensional manner. In this regard, the metrics we use to measure it has to be acquiescent towards the nature of poverty that does not only mean the lack of resources but a lack of welfare or rights such as health, education, housing and labor.

Traditionally, poverty has been measured only by the level of resources that a person receives, because poverty was understood as the absence or lack of adequate income or not being able to consume a certain level of resources.

The MPI does not concern only one dimension of resources, but also other indicators such as the lack of basic and fundamental rights.

What does the IPM consist of?

The index is composed of four dimensions, which are the same as those contained in our Constitution, or the rights for Good Living: 

  1. Education
  2. Labor and social security
  3. Health, water and food
  4. Housing and healthy environment

What and the indicators that measure for multidimensional poverty, and how many are there?

There are 12 indicators in total: three in the dimensions of education and labor and social security; two in the dimension of health, water and food; and four in the dimension of Habitat, housing and healthy environment. They put together the ways in which rights can be violated.

Read more (only in Spanish): http://redproteccionsocial.org/noticias/ecuador-presenta-su-indice-de-pobreza-multidimensional


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