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Fertility and Distributive Changes in Latin America

File Created On:
February, 2015

In the last decades, Latin American countries have experienced a decrease in the number of average children per household, which did not occur evenly along the income distribution. This paper seeks to quantify the distributional impact of the changes in the decisions of fertility in 5 countries of Latin America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, El Salvador and Uruguay. Using household surveys and through micro-decomposition methods, counter-factual scenarios of the distribution of income are developed in a way to break down the effect associated to the changes in the decisions of fertility. The results show that changes in the decisions of fertility had an equalizing effect on the income distribution, along with a poverty-reducing effect.

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