Source: Center for Global Development
Migration-and-development has grown into a field of its own, in both research and policy.
One picture reveals the trend in research. In the 1960s there was a burst of research interest in migration and development—mostly about migration within countries, as much of the developing world embarked on rapid urbanization. That interest waned in the 70s. But over the last 20 years, more and more development papers mention migration, and more and more migration papers mention development:
Back in 1985, Oded Stark and David Bloom foretold a “new economics of labor migration”. It turns out they were right.
This renewed energy in research is focusing on international migration, as I discuss in a new paper with Çağlar Özden and Hillel Rapoport, from which the figure above is drawn. The latest research explores connections between migration and the broader development process—including human capital investment, circular or temporary migration, and the transfer of technology and cultural norms through global diaspora networks.