This paper reviews the major conceptual frameworks and analytical frameworks for applying social protection in rural and agricultural contexts, proposes a synthesised ‘consolidated’ framework, and reviews the evidence base on the impacts of social protection on agricultural production and rural poverty reduction.
From the perspective of agriculture, rural poverty and food insecurity, all of the major conceptual frameworks for social protection have useful and relevant features.
Social Risk Management provides a coherent framework for rural risk analysis and a typology of possible programmatic responses – risk reduction, risk mitigation and risk coping.
Transformative Social Protection identifies a wider range of interventions – protective, preventive, promotive and transformative – thereby focusing on both ‘livelihood protection’ and ‘livelihood promotion’ objectives, on both ‘economic’ and ‘social determinants’ of poverty and vulnerability, and on reducing vulnerability as much as reducing poverty.
Adaptive Social Protection links three agendas – social protection, disaster risk reduction, and climate change adaptation – to provide a coherent response to the threats posed to agricultural livelihoods by climate change.
The Social Protection Floor takes a rights-based approach to extending income security to all, and is currently exploring integrating the right to food alongside the right to social security.
Read full study: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5229e.pdf