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Inequality & Poverty

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How do we identify the institutions, individuals, and ideas that will lead the next era of progress toward human dignity for all?

Addressing global inequality

This paper provides empirical evidence on the causal effects that upgrading slum dwellings has on the living conditions of the extremely poor. In particular, we study the impact of providing better houses in situ to slum dwellers in El Salvador, Mexico and Uruguay.

The world has seen a dramatic rise in inequalities of income and wealth over the last three decades, making extreme economic inequality one of the defining issues of our time.

The IPA Report presents examples of evidence impacting local policy decisions, significant attention in both the mainstream U.S. media and local outlets in developing countries, and important results from studies in every major program area.

Full Report:

A note of caution to policymakers: make sure the policies you enact to reduce inequality do not end up raising poverty. That’s what Nora Lustig found in her studies of developing countries – mainly in Latin America.

Social protection programs have been growing in number, type, and volume in developing countries over the last decade. The growing evidence points to potential improvements in their design and implementation. 

To watch the talk given by Berk Ozler follow the link: 

Increasingly economists are being called on to assess not only the national implications of global trade and environmental policies, but also the subnational consequences, including the impacts on low income and food insecure households.

Inequality, which at its most extreme leads to social exclusion, has been the target of a special focus by the Organization of the American States. Addressing this issue encompasses all the key pillars of our work: integral development, democracy, human rights and public security.

Oxfam has calculated that if inequality in the region were to be reduced by five points between 2011 and 2019, some 17.4 million people could move out of poverty. If the opposite were to occur, a five-point increase could result in an additional 18 million people living in poverty.

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