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Inequality & Poverty

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The world has seen a dramatic rise in inequalities of income and wealth over the last three decades, making extreme economic inequality one of the defining issues of our time.

The IPA Report presents examples of evidence impacting local policy decisions, significant attention in both the mainstream U.S. media and local outlets in developing countries, and important results from studies in every major program area.

Full Report:

A note of caution to policymakers: make sure the policies you enact to reduce inequality do not end up raising poverty. That’s what Nora Lustig found in her studies of developing countries – mainly in Latin America.

Social protection programs have been growing in number, type, and volume in developing countries over the last decade. The growing evidence points to potential improvements in their design and implementation. 

To watch the talk given by Berk Ozler follow the link: 

Increasingly economists are being called on to assess not only the national implications of global trade and environmental policies, but also the subnational consequences, including the impacts on low income and food insecure households.

Inequality, which at its most extreme leads to social exclusion, has been the target of a special focus by the Organization of the American States. Addressing this issue encompasses all the key pillars of our work: integral development, democracy, human rights and public security.

Oxfam has calculated that if inequality in the region were to be reduced by five points between 2011 and 2019, some 17.4 million people could move out of poverty. If the opposite were to occur, a five-point increase could result in an additional 18 million people living in poverty.

Commission on Global Poverty: Share Your Ideas on Measuring Extreme Poverty

In 2013, the World Bank Group announced two goals that would guide its development work worldwide. The first is the eradication of chronic extreme poverty. More formally, it is the target of bringing the number of extremely poor people, defined as those living on less than 1.25 ppp-adjusted dollars a day, to less than 3% of the world population by 2030. The second is the boosting of shared prosperity, defined as promoting the growth of per capita real income of the poorest 40% of the population in each country.

Monday, October 5, 2015 - 10:30 to Monday, November 30, 2015 - 10:30

The World Bank has dramatically revised its definition of poverty for the first time in 25 years, the Financial Times reports. Anyone earning less than $1.90 a day will be classified as poor, which will greatly increase the number living in poverty.


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